Waste Equity Overview

New York City creates roughly 35,000 tons of garbage every day. Several communities in New York City (most notably North Brooklyn, the South Bronx, Sunset Park and SE Queens) are ringed by heavy manufacturing zones along their waterfronts or have mixed-use zones within their borders. These areas have become saturated with privately owned and operated waste transfer stations that handle commercial waste from the city’s hotels, offices and restaurants. The transfer stations, where waste is shifted from collection vehicles to long haul trucks, bring thousands of heavy diesel trucks through these communities each day, communities with some of the highest asthma rates in the country. Since the closing of the Fresh Kills landfill (which re-routed most of NYC’s residential waste to these same communities), over 75% of the City’s entire solid waste stream is now processed in a handful of EJ communities throughout the City.

NYC-EJA leads several efforts for comprehensive policy reforms to address this disproportionate burdening of solid waste:

Since October 2013, the Transform Don’t Trash Coalition has worked together toward reformation of the solid waste industry, in a campaign that culminated in the October 2019 City Council passage of the Commercial Waste Zones Law (Local Law 199),, the most ambitious overhaul of NYC’s commercial waste system in a generation. Through this system, the City will significantly reduce the truck pollution generated by the current commercial waste system, incentivize new investments in recycling infrastructure and cleaner trucks, set clear standards for worker safety and environmental impacts, and improve customer service for businesses. This overdue reform has been long-championed by NYC-EJA and our members, in order to address how the commercial waste industry is highly polluting, inefficient, costly to the City, disproportionately burdensome on low-income communities and communities of color, and dangerous and exploitative for workers. TDT-NYC – a partnership between environmental justice advocates and the International Brotherhood of Teamsters Joint Council 16, NY Lawyers for the Public Interest, ALIGN, NRDC, and other allies – marks the first time that a broad-based labor, environmental justice, and community coalition has united around recommendations to improve commercial solid waste management in New York City. For more information, please read Clearing the Air: How Reforming the Commercial Waste Sector Can Address Air Quality Issues in Environmental Justice Communities and the 2019 report Fighting New York’s Climate Emergency With Waste Zones.

About one-third of residential waste within the city is organic, and when commingled with general refuse, it passes through truck-based transfer stations in environmental justice communities in NYC before going to landfills and incinerators outside of the City. Food scraps and yard waste can be used to produce nutrient-rich compost, which, when applied to soils, has numerous social and environmental benefits. In 2020, the de Blasio administration proposed to remove all forms of public composting from the NYC budget, the opposite direction for the City to achieve waste equity and reach its own Zero Waste by 2030 goal. The Save Our Compost coalition, including environmental groups, microhaulers, community-based compost collectors, processors, and other allied organizations and individuals throughout the city, formed in response to this announced decision, and fought the administration’s intention to completely eliminate the food scrap drop off program, successfully restoring a partial $2.8 million of the $7 million budget, and allowing for the re-opening of some sites throughout the City. While the pilot residential organics collection program was cut completely, the coalition has continued to fight to introduce a universal organics collection program, to build up local infrastructure for organics processing, and to reinstate community composting options to stop externalizing our waste and support the manifold benefits that compost application can provide within the city.

NYC-EJA continues to fight for full implementation of the SWMP, including the construction of the East 91st Street Marine Transfer Station, a contentious and long drawn-out process. Wealthy Upper East Side real estate interests are spending hundreds of thousands of dollars to fund opposition to the E. 91st Street Marine Transfer Station (MTS). Despite this, construction is underway, promising the beginning of waste equity among the boroughs.

In 2012, when the Bloomberg Administration issued an RFP for “waste-to-energy” incineration, NYC-EJA, our members and allies, launched an advocacy campaign to educate government officials, the media and general public, about the risks associated with these polluting technologies — which can also undermine waste reduction and recycling initiatives. The Bloomberg Administration ultimately abandoned the proposal.


  • Due to the advocacy of NYC-EJA, the Save Our Compost Coalition, and hundreds of residents across the City, in 2020 the New York City Council approved a budget that partially restored the amount of $2.8 million for the food scrap drop off program budget of New York City, as opposed to completely eliminating all forms of public composting as originally proposed by the de Blasio administration.

  • In October 2019, the Commercial Waste Zones Law (Local Law 199) was passed in City council, which includes many environmental justice benefits for environmental justice communities and the City as a whole – read more in our newsletter announcementfollowing the victory.

  • In August 2018, the Waste Equity Law was passed in City Council, a step in the right direction that prohibits the increase of waste burdens in communities that handle over 10% of the City’s waste, and reduces the amount of waste that private transfer stations can accept by up to 50 percent in North Brooklyn and 33 percent in the South Bronx and Southeast Queens.

  • Clean Carting Trucks Bill: At the invitation of the City Council, NYC-EJA provided advice for the Clean Carting Trucks Bill,Intro. 1160A: Over 8,000 heavy-duty diesel trucks – accounting for 20% of all particulate mater (PM) generated by heavy duty trucks in NYC – collect millions of tons of commercial waste annually. Adopted by the City Council on December 19th 2013, Intro 1160A seeks to ensure that by 2020, all licensed waste haulers use only trucks that meet the U.S. EPA´s 2007 emissions standards for diesel trucks, or are fitted with the best available retrofit technology.

  • Waste Transfer Station Sitings:Over the years, NYC-EJA’s efforts with NYLPI & OWN defeated the siting of several regional mega-waste transfer stations proposed for Red Hook, Williamsburg and the South Bronx, and inspired passage of several laws, including the implementation of Local Law 40 (siting regulations for waste transfer stations) and new operational regulations for transfer stations. As a result, our campaign altered an essential City service and the largest waste management system of any U.S. city.

  • Solid Waste Management Plan (SWMP): Long championed by NYC-EJA and sister coalition OWN, the 20-year Solid Waste Management Plan (or SWMP) adopted by Mayor Bloomberg and the City Council in 2006 was an innovative plan that relied for the first time on principles of environmental justice and borough equity. At its heart, the SWMP is a sweeping overhaul of the City’s waste export system that substitutes a polluting truck-based system confined to a handful of overburdened communities to a water-based, less polluting barge system that relies on a network of equitably sited, City-owned marine and rail transfer stations.

Natural Resources Defense Council: NYC Council Must Restore Funds for Community Composting (06/27/2020)
NY Daily News: Compost more, New York City (06/14/2020)
Queens Chronicle: Jamaica march backs trash zone legislation (09/12/2019)
NY Daily News: Report trashes city’s 21% recycling rate (06/28/2018)
Southeast Queens Press: Waste Equity Activists Rally At Miller’s Office(05/04/2018)
City & State: Kicking the bag down the road(04/16/2018)
News 12 Brooklyn: New map shows toxic spill areas in Brooklyn (04/03/2015)
NY Environment: The Bronx is Breathing(02/20/2015)
Wall Street Journal: Thompson, Quinn Recycle Trash Fight (05/31/2013)